A leading translation of Stoic philosophy in wise and practical aphorisms that have inspired Bill Clinton, Ryan Holiday, Anna Kendrick and many more.
Written in Greek by an intellectual Roman emperor without any intention of publication, the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius offer quite a lot of fascinating spiritual reflections and exercises developed as the leader struggled to have in mind himself and make sense of the universe. Spanning from doubt and despair to conviction and exaltation, they cover such diverse topics as the question of virtue, human rationality, the nature of the gods and the values of leadership. But even as the Meditations were composed to provide personal consolation, in developing his beliefs Marcus also created some of the greatest of all works of philosophy: a series of wise and practical aphorisms which were consulted and admired by statesmen, thinkers and atypical readers for almost two thousand years.
To provide a full understanding of Aurelius’s seminal work, this edition includes explanatory notes, a general index, an index of quotations, an index of names, and an introduction by Diskin Clay putting the work in its biographical, historical, and literary context, a chronology of Marcus Aurelius’s life and career.
For more than seventy years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works all over history and across genres and disciplines. Readers believe the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and up to date authors, in addition to up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.